India is experiencing rapid growth in its industrial sector, and there are certain factors behind this growth, like urbanization, change in lifestyle, infrastructure development, and increasing manufacturing in the country. These factors have one sector in common, which is a necessary part of basic industrial functioning: the industrial pump manufacturing sector. Urbanization leads to infrastructure development, further stimulating the demand for efficient and reliable fluid-handling solutions, making  industrial pumps a critical component across various industries.

Different types of pumps are used in different industrial sectors according to their diverse needs. Also, several factors should be considered while choosing the right pump. This article will discuss different types of pumps, their application in diverse industrial sectors, and factors to consider before selecting the pump for your specific needs.

Types of Industrial Pumps in India:

There are different kinds of pumps with different shapes, sizes, and functionalities according to their particular needs and applications at different tiers of the industrial sector. Here are some of the common types of industrial pumps in India.

  1. Centrifugal pumps

These are multifunctional as they can handle different fluids and be widely used in different sectors. These pumps have rotating impellers that can transfer different fluids using centrifugal force. These pumps are one of the most popular industrial pumps as they are simple to use and handle. These are most commonly used in waste management, water supply, and agriculture.

  1. Solar power pumps 

India is rapidly focussing on sustainable options of development in recent years, which stimulates the demand of solar-powered pumps in the market. Demand for these pumps is growing in off-grid locations of the country.

  1. Rotary pumps

These pumps have lobes, vanes, and rotating gears to process fluids. These pumps are most suitable for handling thick and sticky liquids and are primarily used in activities requiring continuous flow. Gear, multiple screws, single crew, and sliding vane are some of the examples of rotary pumps. 

  1. Submersible pumps:

Submersible pumps extract liquids from the ground. These are most commonly used for making wells, extracting water from the ground, and draining excessive water and mud, especially from homes, to avoid mold growth and water damage. 

  1. Positive displacement pumps:

These pumps displace a fixed fluid volume in one go. Whatever the discharge pressure, these pumps generate the same fluid volume in each cycle. Generally, the pump speed and number of cycles are directly proportional to its flow rate. These pumps are best suited for liquids with a thick and slurry consistency. Common types include reciprocating, diaphragm, and screw pumps.

  1. Specialty pumps

These types of pumps are specially designed for a specific type of environment with high safety standards. For example, chemical industries require pumps that are capable of handling high pressures and dangerous chemical transfers.

Different uses of Industrial Pumps in Indian Industries:

Industrial ecosystems consist of different types of sectors, be it a food and beverage, textile, power and energy or even chemical. Each sector has different types of requirements in terms of fluid flow. For example, the food and beverage sector requires pumps for cleaning and beverage production while pharma industries require pumps with temperature regulation to handle sensitive fluids. Here are some of the types of industries which use pumps for different activities. 

  • Oil and gas industry requires pumps to give enough pressure to gasses and oils to flow from one place to another in situations like upstream and downstream. Also these are used in refineries and extraction of crude oil. 
  • Food and beverage industry requires pumps for cleaning the food passage pipes, transferring liquids in foods and beverages in a monitored quantity. 
  • Power and energy sector heavily relies on pumps for the circulation of cool water in thermal power plants, removing wet ash, and for raising condensate pressure. 
  • The chemical industry requires specialized pumps to transfer dangerous fluids in a very controlled temperature and with proper monitoring. Acids have corrosive and flammable properties, thus they require pumps to handle such nature 
  • The Water and waste management sector uses pumps to supply clean water in societies and to manage wastewater. High-intensity pumps with the capacity of holding high pressures are used in this work for the efficient supply of clean water and even these pumps are used in rural areas to alleviate the problems of water scarcity.
  • The pharmaceutical industry requires specialized kinds of pumps to maintain sterile environments and transfer sensitive fluids in pharmaceutical manufacturing.

Choosing the Right Pump:

Certain factors should be considered before selecting pumps, as these factors may affect the overall performance and efficiency. 

  • Property of fluid should be considered, for example, if the fluid is sticky, thick, or runny in consistency. 
  • The nature of fluids also has a significant impact, as some industries use corrosive and flammable fluids. So, to avoid any dangerous consequences, this factor should be kept in mind. The pump material must be compatible with the handled fluid to prevent corrosion, contamination, or wear.
  • Assessing fluid temperature is also essential, as specialized pumps in the market have built-in temperature regulation mechanisms. 

The desired flow rate and discharge pressure determine the pump capacity and power needed.


Navigating the diverse landscape of industrial pumps in India requires a comprehensive understanding of the available options, their applications, and the factors influencing pump selection. By considering the specific needs of your industry and application, coupled with insights into the Indian market dynamics, you can ensure that your chosen pump solution delivers optimal performance, reliability, and cost-effectiveness, contributing to the success of your operations.

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